In all previous analyses, the so-called ‘20% nuclear electricity’ (officially called ‘Delayed CCS’) scenario of the EC Energy Roadmap 2050 was applied to determine the HR requirements. This scenario was selected because it leads to the highest penetration of nuclear energy and will therefore be most demanding for the assessment of HR requirements. However, over the past years, this rather optimistic scenario for nuclear energy demand was often questioned. Therefore, it was decided to study the effect of less demanding alternative scenarios.
In addition to the work presented in Roelofs and Von Estorff (2013 & 2014), this report describes the sensitivities of the results to various uncertainties in the input parameters. As before, a top-down analysis has been made to derive figures for a selected nuclear energy demand scenario, i.e. the ‘20% nuclear electricity’ scenario from the EC Energy Roadmap 2050. This nuclear energy demand scenario shows a moderate growth of nuclear energy production in the EU28 countries including the integration and enlargement countries.
In the framework of EHRO-N mission to provide qualified data on human resources needs in the nuclear field within the European, this report explores the effects on Human Resources Supply and Demand after the accident at the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear power plant in Japan. The event has raised concerns about the future of the nuclear industry globally. Before this analysis, no comprehensive picture on the demand/supply of nuclear HR was available for the whole European Union.
EHRO-N provides the European Commission (EC) with essential data related to supply and demand for nuclear experts in the EU28 and the enlargement and integration countries based on bottom-up information from the nuclear industry. The objective is to assess how the supply of experts for the nuclear industry in the EU28 and the enlargement and integration countries responds to the needs for the same experts for the present and future nuclear projects in the region.
This document contains the collection of Assessment Reports developed in 2012/2013 by the Expert Working Groups of the Strategic Energy Technology Plan European Energy Education and Training Task Force. It provides background information supporting the findings and recommendations put forward in the Strategic Energy Technology (SET) Plan Roadmap on Education and Training.
The assessments cover key low-carbon energy fields:
• carbon capture and storage
• concentrated solar power
• electricity grids
In moving forward energy technology innovation, the SET Plan has recognised that one of the key elements for successful implementation at EU level is the availability and mobilisation of appropriately skilled human resources. The energy sector is an evolving field which creates new job opportunities but at the same time requires the development of new skills and competences. The challenges for the education and training institutions and their legal frameworks will be to ensure a workforce flow of researchers, engineers and technicians who are able to generate new knowledge and to meet the requirements of evolving technologies and labour markets. In parallel, training for managers and decision-makers in the field is needed to design and implement appropriate frameworks for the development and deployment of new energy solutions.
The report summarises the activities that were conducted in 2013 by the European Human Resource Observatory for the Nuclear Energy Sector (EHRO-N).
After a short introduction on the mission and structure of EHRO-N, the report presents the organisations which were part of its Senior Advisory Group (SAG) in 2013.
The most important decisions and conclusions delivered by the SAG meetings are reported, as well as the main contributions provided by Enlargement and Integration (E&I) countries.
The EHRO-N team provides the EC with essential data related to supply and demand for nuclear experts based on bottom-up information from the nuclear industry. The current report deals with an alternative approach to derive figures for the demand side information of the nuclear workforce. Complementary to the bottom-up approach taken by the EHRO-N team at JRC-IET, a top-down modeling approach extrapolation of nuclear energy demand scenario’s is followed here in addition to the survey information.
The Fukushima Daiichi accident in March 2011 has definitely slowed down the expansion or development of nuclear power programs. However, a number of countries are still decided to embark on nuclear power or to expand their existing programmes in the coming years. This development will be characterized by the continuous need for a skilled and knowledgeable workforce able to meet the international requirements for handling nuclear energy.
The petroleum crisis in 1973 caused public opinion to swing in favour of the development of nuclear energy, since this did not depend on the imports of oil, and the costs of nuclear energy were becoming more and more economic. However, the accidents of Three Mile Island in 1979 and Chernobyl in 1986 caused a significant reduction in the support for nuclear energy leading to the construction of all new nuclear power stations in Europe being stopped.