Latvia does not have a nuclear power programme of its own but was dependant on electricity imports from Lithuania so that it has been by Lihuania's decision to close the Ignalina nuclear power plant in December 2009. As a result of this, the national energy company Latvenergo received a mandate from the Government to work on preparations for a new Ignalina nuclear power plant together with other energy companies from Baltic countries.
Latvia does not have a nuclear regulatory body. The responsibility for nuclear matters is with the Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Agency (EGMA).
NUCLEAR EDUCATION AND TRAINING
Although there is a lack of possibilities in higher education in the nuclear field, the Riga Technical University/Rigas Tehniska Universitate offers two courses: Molecular Spectroscopy and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, and there are a number of institutions involved in research, which include: the Latvian Academy of Sciences/Latvijas Zinatnu Akademija, the Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, the University of Latvia/Latvijas Universitate and its Laser Centre, the Institute of Atomic Physics and Spectroscopy/Atomfizikas un Spektroskopijas Institüts, the Institute of Physics/Fizikas Instituts and the Institute of Solid State Physics/Cietvielu Fizijas Instituts (particularly the Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions and the Laboratory of Applied Nuclear Physics).
Finally, the Latvian Academy of Sciences/Latvijas Zinatnu Akademija is the most important association involved in the improvement of activities in the nuclear field.